Fatty liver, medically known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver cells. This build-up of fat occurs when the liver is unable to properly metabolize and break down fats, leading to their accumulation. liver is commonly associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity,
Is fatty liver dangerous
Fatty liver can indeed be dangerous, especially if left untreated or if the underlying causes are not addressed. Here are some key points highlighting the potential dangers associated with fatty liver:
1. Progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH):
In some cases, fatty liver can progress to NASH, a more severe form of liver disease characterized by liver inflammation and damage. NASH can lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and even liver failure.
2. Increased risk of liver cirrhosis:
Prolonged inflammation and scarring of the liver due to fatty liver can result in the development of liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a serious condition that disrupts liver function and impairs its ability to regenerate.
3. Liver cancer:
Fatty liver, especially when accompanied by cirrhosis, increases the risk of developing liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Liver cancer can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
What causes fatty liver
The causes of fatty liver can be summarized in the following points:
1.Obesity: Excess body weight, particularly abdominal obesity, is a major risk factor for fat liver.
2. Alcohol consumption: Excessive and chronic alcohol consumption can lead to alcoholic fat liver disease.
3. Poor diet: A diet high in saturated fats, refined carbohydrates, and sugars contributes to the development of fatty liver.
4. Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance, often associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome, can contribute to fat accumulation in the liver.
Fatty liver symptoms on skin
- Jaundice: A yellowing of the skin and eyes due to the buildup of bilirubin, a pigment produced by the liver.
- Spider angiomas: These are small, spider-like blood vessels that may appear on the skin, particularly on the upper body.
- Palmar erythema: The palms of the hands may develop a reddish discoloration.